Big Data Seeks Online Love

Online dating is booming, but can algorithms really be used to predict love? We’ve taken a look at some of the facts - both positive and negative - behind the online phenomenon.

The Facts

Online dating users spend an average of:

1 in 10 Americans have used a dating site or other mobile dating app.

66% have gone on a date with someone they met through a dating site or app

23% have met a spouse or long term partner through these sites

Online dating has come a long way…

“Online dating allows people to find a better match for themselves.”

“Online dating is a good way to meet people.”

57% of Americans with an annual household income of $75,000 or more know someone who uses online dating.

40% know someone who met a spouse or partner online.

11% of American couples who have been together for ten years or less met online.

5% of Americans who are currently married or in a long term partnership met their partner somewhere online.

Marriages or committed relationships that began online:

8% of 18-29 year olds

7% of 30-49 year olds

3% of 50-64 year olds

1% of those 65 or older

...but still has a long way to go

“People who use online dating sites are desperate.”

54% of online daters felt someone else seriously misrepresented themselves in their profile.

28% of online daters have been contacted by someone through an online dating site or app in a way that made them feel harassed or uncomfortable.

The Sites

Match.com: 21,575,000 members

eHarmony: 15,500,000 members

Chemistry: 30,000,000 members

OkCupid: 30,000,000 members

Zoosk: 25,000,000 members

Specialty Sites

Apps

Tinder

Coffee Meets Bagel

Age & Family/ Marital Status

SeniorPeopleMeet

SingleParentMeet

Ashley Madison

Biology

GenePartner (DNA)

Find Your Face Mate (facial features)

Income

Meet Millionaire

Meeting Millionaires

Religion

JWed

JDate

Christian Mingle

The Algorithm

Not all online dating sites make their algorithm public, but Okcupid does.

OkCupid: Patented Algorithm

There has been much criticism over the use of matching algorithms:

Studies show

“...research demonstrates that people are attracted to others whom they perceive to be similar to them, but that finding is irrelevant to dating sites that use matching algorithms because the two people are not even aware of each other’s presence when they fill out matching questionnaires and therefore cannot report on perceived similarity.”

The Match

Why an online dating profile may get undesirable responses:

How users can get best results with a photo:

Success for men:

Success for women:

The Lies

Of users who lie in their online dating profiles, the most common lies are:

Height - Users claim to be 2 inches taller

Income - Users claim to be 20% richer

Photos - Users post out-of-date photos

Sexuality - Users who claim to be bisexual may only be interested in one gender

81% of online daters reported inaccurate information on at least one of these three characteristics on their profile:

60% lied about their weight

48% about their height

19% about their age

Men most often overestimate their height. Women most often underestimate their weight.

Sources:

1 Mitchell R. L (2009). Online dating: Analyzing the algorithms of attraction. PCWorld. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/159884

2 Frost J. H., chance Z., Norton M. I., Ariely D. (2008). People are experience goods; Improving online dating with virtual dates. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 22, 51-61.

3 https;//d3vzoqlbg2i3a3.cloudfront.net/static/2013/11/Zoosk-Fact-Sheet.pdf

4 http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Online-Dating.aspx

5 http://statisticbrain.com/online-dating-statistic/

6 www.eharmony.com

7 http://www.bestdatingsitestop10.com/tag/chemistry-com-review/

8 http://www.forbes.com/pictures/feki45jmii/okcupid-3/

9 http://www.okcupid.com/help/match-percentages

10 http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2012/02/online-dating-finkel.html

11 http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/uncategorized/q-with-eli-finkel-the-science-behind-online-dating-part-1.html

12 http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/opinion/sunday/online-dating-sites-dont-match-hype.html?_r=2&

13 http://dating.about.com/od/datingissues/a/datingprofile.htm

14 http://www.relating360.com/index.php/how-to-get-noticed-on-online-dating-sites-3205/

15 http://www.askmen.com/dating/dating_advice_60/88_dating_tips.html

16 http://www.cosmopolitan.co.uk/love-sex/dating-guide/best-way-to-get-noticed-when-dating-online

17 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/07/28/online-dating-advice-what_n_660615.html

18 http://www.personal.umich.edu/-enicole/toma_et_al_2008.pdf


UC Berkeley School of Information

Phone Number: 855-678-6437
Email Address: admissions@datascience.berkeley.edu

Legal

© UC Berkeley School of Information.